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|Journal of NZ Research in Early Childhood Edn|
Below are abstracts for papers published in the NZRECE Journal, Volume 7, 2004. After the abstracts, at the very end of this page, are the full-text copies of the papers available as downloadable PDFs.
Archive fragments: Infant Schools for the Youngest Settler Children in the Colony of New Zealand, 1840-50s
Abstract: To date, studies of the history of education have said little about the teachers who taught the youngest children, and almost nothing about the programme, or the experiences of children, in the infants, primers, preparatory or junior classes, as they have been variously called. A recent study concerns missionary infant schools for young Måori children established during the 1830s-40s (May, 2003). This paper presents some findings concerning the first infant schools for settler children in the new colony. Of interest is the origin and export of new ideas concerning the early education of young children
Beyond Ticking the Boxes: From Individual Developmental Domains to a Sociocultural Framework for Observing Young Children
Marilyn Fleer and
Abstract: Australian perspectives on studying young children within a teaching or research context have emphasised the individual child in relation to what s/he ‘knows’ and can do. Observations conducted within most early childhood contexts have been traditionally analysed such that sequences of complex interactions are reduced to checklists of individual skills or acts organised around developmental domains. However, international research is increasingly challenging the taken-for-granted views of the ‘child as an individual’ attaining Western-world developmental norms. The emphasis is more on looking beyond the tick- boxes of developmental checklists. Learning and development are seen as occurring as a result of participation with others in culturally relevant contexts and tasks, rather than individualistic constructions of universal developmental milestones and competencies. This paper presents an alternative: observing young children in early childhood settings from a sociocultural perspective. Theory and practical examples are given.
Early Childhood Curriculum in Home-Based Settings: Embeddedness, Relationships and Identity
Abstract: The lived experiences of children and adults in home-based early childhood settings, both in
Early Childhood Teachers’ Perceptions of the Play Patterns and Behaviours of Young Children who are Gifted
Te Tari Puna Ora O Aotearoa/New
Abstract: This paper reports on a mini-research investigation that examined teachers’ perceptions of the play of young children who are gifted. Four early childhood teachers from one early childhood centre in
Special Section on ‘The Quality Journey’
Associate Guest Editor NZRECE Journal
Introduction: This year, New Zealand Research in Early Childhood Education is pleased to include a special section on the The Quality Journey/He Haerenga Whai Hua. Plenty of research evidence exists that quality early childhood education has positive long-term benefits for young children. Considerations of quality have tended to be synonymous with evaluative measures as a way to “capture”, “measure” or “assure” quality. Changes in research on quality have reflected changing theoretical and research paradigms. From a search for universal quantitative variables that could be applied across contexts, to a move towards research methodologies that reveals complexities, often through small-scale qualitative studies, quality has become viewed as a multi-dimensional and dynamic concept.
Successes, Barriers and Enablers to Maintaining Quality Improvement in Early Childhood Services in
Liz Depree and
Abstract: This reports on findings from follow-up research conducted in 2002, tracking the journey of nine early childhood centres that had conducted a quality improvement review of practices in 2000. The purpose of the research was to identify successes, barriers and enablers to maintaining quality improvement. All the centres had been successful at maintaining change. Common threads contributing to successful maintenance were the inclusion of parents, children and teachers, strong leadership, and the development of management systems and professional development systems to maintain change.
The Quality Journey: Is There a Leader at the Helm?
Abstract: This research project explores the role of the leader in early childhood centre self- review in Aotearoa/
Turning the Kaleidoscope on Quality
Abstract: Caregivers, coordinators and management from a New Zealand family daycare network explored notions of quality whilst engaging in a three-month professional development course studying The Quality Journey/He Haerenga whai hua (2000). Exploration took place through focus group interviews and as part of the review process itself. This paper presents some of the results of the study in relation to participant constructions of quality. Participants constructions suggest that ideas of quality merge and shift depending on the values and beliefs and influences of policy. The Quality Journey/He Haerenga whai hua (2000), offered a shared framework for participants to construct collective indicators for quality within the organisation, which resulted in more shared understandings of what mattered most, to whom, and why.
Developmental Assessment and Learning Stories in Inclusive Early Intervention Programmes: Two Constructs in One Context
Ministry of Education
Abstract: This paper critiques the differing foundations of the curriculum-based criterion referenced developmental assessment used by some early interventionists and the credit-based narrative assessment of learning dispositions used by early childhood teachers for the assessment of children with early intervention support. The assessment differences between some early interventionists and early childhood teachers that may compromise successful inclusion are raised. The development of an inclusive community of practice with teachers, parents, and intervention specialists is advocated.
Breastfeeding Support in Early Childhood Centres: Practice, Policy and Research
Sarah-Eve Farquhar and Judith Galtry
Abstract: In this paper we provide a brief overview of the research evidence on the health and learning outcomes for children who are breastfed and look at national data on breastfeeding rates. This is followed by an overview of the evidence on the effects of breastfeeding for maternal health, women’s participation in the labour market and family well-being. We then explore possible reasons for the apparent oversight of breastfeeding in early childhood research literature as well as in written guidelines and policies in early childhood centres. The paper concludes with an explanation of how breastfeeding support in the early childhood setting fits with the government’s current goals of increasing participation in early childhood education, improving the quality of services, and promoting collaborative relationships with parents, families and others.
Strengthening Partnerships Locally and Internationally: Experiences and Reflections from a Norwegian Research Project
Oslo University College
Abstract: This paper is a commentary about partnerships in research. It draws on our work in a nationally funded research project to develop a Norwegian research culture in early childhood education, around matters of gender, complexity and diversity. We discuss the development of partnerships between researchers at the local and international levels, and between researchers and early childhood teachers. We consider how partnerships may evolve between researchers in different nations and how collaboration between researchers can help to foster a research milieu within and across institutions. We briefly discuss research partnerships between teachers, parents and children. Lastly, we suggest what can happen as partnerships strengthen, namely: cultural change, communication and globalisation.
An Investigation into Young Children’s Understanding of Numeracy
Te Tari Puna Ora o Aotearoa
Abstract: This investigation used task-based interviews to investigate the numerical knowledge of a group of 8 four-year-old children, 4 of whom had been identified by their teachers as those who would find mathematics easy while the other 4 had been identified as those who would find mathematics difficult. The task involved the manipulation of concrete objects; forming groups, adding sets and simple division. Others involved the counting and comparison of objects in pictures, rote counting and imaging. The results revealed the wide range of numerical ability that the majority of the study children have, including the ability to solve simple addition and subtraction problems. Numerical ability may be facilitated by the regular provision of enjoyable authentic numerical tasks.
Parents’ and Teachers’ Views of Music for Children Under Two
Kiwi Corner Early Learning Centre
Abstract: The objective of this research was to gain further insight into children’s and teachers’ understanding about music. I wanted to look at the everyday occurrences of young children experiencing music in a childcare setting and how this related to the teacher’s practice and understanding about music. I also wanted to know about children’s everyday experiences with music in their home environments and how they responded to music. I used a qualitative methodology of interpretive analysis to find out about real people and their lives.
Self-talk or Private Speech in Early Childhood Education: Complexities and Challenges
Abstract: Private speech in young children has been investigated by a number of researchers building on the research of Vygotsky. Studies have shown how private speech plays a role in supporting young children's learning. Learning may be supported through private speech or ‘self-talk as the child clarifies his or her steps, affirms decisions, articulates an experience or identifies the need for assistance.
Steady and Committed: Early Childhood Postgraduate Students in
Te Tari Puna Ora O Aotearoa/New
Abstract: At the 2003 and the 2001 NZ Early Childhood Research Symposiums a written questionnaire for students undertaking postgraduate studies was distributed. The results of the 2001 survey were reported in the Proceedings (Murphy, 2001). This paper presents the results of the 2003 survey and discusses the findings in relation to the earlier survey and current issues concerning building the capacity and capability of the early childhood research community.
Below are PDF copies of the full papers published in Volume 7.
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ANZAC Day: What You Need to Know to Answer Children's Questions, Activities, and an Easy Anzac Biscuit Recipe (1 match)
Call to at Least Partially Nationalise Singapore's 100% Private ECE Sector (1 match)
Celebrating Diwali the Indian Festival of Lights (2 matches)
More Babies in ECE and Big Increase in Family Daycare Enrolments: What are the Risks? (1 match)
Commercial Approach to ECE Provision Fails Children: Salvation Army Report (1 match)