The more children are smacked, the more aggressive and anti-social they will be according to a meta-analysis of 50 years of research involving more than 160,000 children on this topic.
Smacking is defined as an open-handed hit, used to discipline children.
Analysts, Elizabeth Gershoff and Andrew Grogan-Kaylor discovered that smacking can lead to an increased risk of detrimental child outcomes.
It has similar effects on children as child abuse does and is also linked to more mental health problems and cognitive problems later on.
There is no evidence that smacking has a beneficial effect or always achieves the outcomes that parents intended.
Read more: Spanking and child outcomes: Old controversies and new meta-analyses. Published in the Journal of Family Psychology, Vol 30(4), Jun 2016, pages 453-469.
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